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精神分裂症恢复期患者接受支持性干预的感受 及作用要素分析
宇虹杨金伟周郁秋刘丽曹建琴李杨
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摘要:
目的 解析给予支持性干预的精神分裂症恢复期患者的体验及作用要素。方法 采用 现象学研究方法,结合个人访谈及观察法,对赤峰市10例接受支持性干预的精神分裂症恢复期患者进行 研究,采用Colaizzi分析法分析患者的康复体验及其作用要素。结果 分析提出3个作用要素:临床结局(症 状知晓度和服药依从性)、心理社会结局(家庭问题、个性特征和自我效能)及预防复发的意识。结论 精 神分裂症恢复期实施支持性干预有利于改善患者康复体验。
关键词:  精神分裂症  支持性干预  质性访谈  要素分析
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1009-6574.2017.11.010
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(71673070)
Experience and element analysis of supportive intervention in patients with schizophrenia duringrecovery period
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Abstract:
Objective To analyze the experience and elements of patients with convalescent schizophrenia who received supportive interventions. Methods Combining phenomenological method with individual interviews and observation methods, the research was conducted among 10 convalescent patients with schizophrenia who received supportive intervention in Chifeng City. Colaizzi analysis was adopted to analyze the rehabilitation experience and its elements of patients. Results The analysis proposed three functional elements: clinical outcomes( the awareness of symptoms and medication compliance), psychosocial outcomes( family problems, personality traits and self-efficacy) and awareness of recurrence prevention. Conclusions The implementation of supportive intervention during the recovery period of schizophrenia is helpful to improve the rehabilitation experience of patients.
Key words:  Schizophrenia  Supportive interventions  Qualitative interviews  Element analysis

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