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领悟社会支持对神经外科医生工作压力与职业怠倦的 中介作用
潘泰峰曲新国罗俊杰唐振刚戴永建
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摘要:
目的 探讨神经外科医生工作压力与职业怠倦的关系,以及领悟社会支持在这两者之间的 中介作用。方法 采用临床医生工作压力源量表和领悟社会支持量表对湖北省5家三甲医院共100名神 经外科的医生进行评估。结果 (1)领悟社会支持高分组神经外科医生工作压力、情绪衰竭、去人格化低 于低分组(P< 0.05)。(2)神经外科医生工作压力与领悟社会支持、成就感呈负相关,与情绪衰竭、去人格 化呈正相关;领悟社会支持与成就感呈正相关,与情绪衰竭、去人格化呈负相关。(3)领悟社会支持在神 经外科医生工作压力与职业倦怠中起中介作用。结论 领悟社会支持在工作压力和职业倦怠中起着重 要的中介作用,提高个人的领悟社会支持可以缓解神经外科医生的工作压力、降低职业倦怠感。
关键词:  神经外科  领悟社会支持  工作压力  职业倦怠
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1009-6574.2017.12.012
基金项目:
Mediating effects of perceived social support on the relationship between work pressure and job burnoutof neurosurgery doctors
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Abstract:
Objective To explore the relationship between neurosurgeon’s work pressure and job burnout, and to explore the mediating effects of perceived social support on the relationship between neurosurgeon’s work pressure and job burnout. Methods A total of 100 neurosurgery doctors from five hospitals of Hubei Province were investigated by the scale for occupational stressors on clinician and perceived social support scale. Results Work pressure, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization scores of the neurosurgeons with high perceived social support were lower than those of the neurosurgeons with low perceived social support (P < 0.05). It was showed that work pressure of neurosurgeon was negatively correlated with both perceived social support and sense of personal achievement, and positively related with both emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. The perceived social support was positively related with sense of personal achievement, and negatively related with emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. The perceived social support had a mediating effect between neurosurgeon’s work pressure and job burnout. Conclusions Perceived social support plays an important intermediary role between work pressure and job burnout, so improving perceived social support can relieve neurosurgeon’s work pressure and reduce the feeling of job burnout.
Key words:  Neurosurgery  Perceived social support  Work pressure  Job burnout

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