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家庭环境及应对方式对大一新生焦虑、抑郁情绪的影响
吕婧曹建琴才运江王晶
0
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摘要:
目的 探讨家庭环境、应对方式与焦虑、抑郁情绪的关系,及应对方式在家庭环境对焦虑、 抑郁情绪影响过程中的中介机制。方法 采用家庭环境量表、简易应对方式问卷、焦虑自评量表及抑 郁自评量表对大庆市某大学1 950 名大一新生进行调查。结果 收回问卷1 902 份,有效问卷1 846 份, 有效率为94.67%。男生471 人(24.15%),女生1 432 人(73.44%)。与男性相比,女性大一新生的家庭环 境量表的情感表达、矛盾性、成功性、组织性、控制性维度得分及积极应对得分更高(P< 0.05)。家庭环 境各维度与应对方式、焦虑、抑郁情绪得分显著相关(P< 0.01)。家庭环境对大一新生焦虑、抑郁情绪 影响符合部分中介模型,卡方自由度比值(χ2/df)=23.158、16.252,拟合优度指数(GFI)=0.947、0.960,调 整后拟合优度指数(AGFI)=0.893、0.921,近似误差均方根(RMSEA)=0.108、0.090,提示这两个模型拟合 度均较为理想。结论 家庭环境、应对方式与焦虑、抑郁情绪显著相关,家庭功能可以直接影响大一新 生的焦虑、抑郁情绪,也可以通过应付方式间接的影响的焦虑、抑郁情绪。提示要重视对大学生应对方 式的指导与矫正,对于提供大学生心理健康水平具有重要的意义。
关键词:  家庭环境  应对方式  焦虑  抑郁  大学生
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1009-6574.2018.09.008
基金项目:教育部人文社科项目(16YJCZH002)
Mediating effects of family environment and coping style on the emotion of anxiety and depressionamong freshmen
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Abstract:
Objective To explore the relationship between family environment, coping style and anxiety and depression, and the mediating mechanism of coping style in the process of family environment affecting anxiety and depression. Methods A total of 1 950 freshmen from a university in Daqing were investigated with Family Environment Scale and Simple Coping Style Questionnaire, Self-rating Anxiety Scale and Self-rating Depression Scale. Results Among 1 902 recycled questionnaires, there were 1 846 valid questionnaires, with an effective rate of 94.67%. In all the students, there were 471 male( 24.15%) and 1 432 female( 73.44%). Compared with male, female freshmen scored higher in emotional expression, conflict, success, organization, control dimension and positive coping( P<0.05). All dimensions of family environment were significantly correlated with coping styles, anxiety and depression scores( P < 0.01). The influence of family environment on freshmen's anxiety and depression was partially mediated. Chi square freedom ratio (χ2/df) was 23.158 and 16.252; Goodness of fit index( GFI) was 0.947 and 0.960; Adjusted goodness of fit index( AGFI) was 0.893 and 0.921; Root mean square error approximation( RMSEA) was 0.108 and 0.090. It is suggested that the fitting degree of the two models was ideal. Conclusions Family environment and coping style are significantly related to anxiety and depression. Family function can directly affect freshmen's anxiety and depression, and can also indirectly affect anxiety and depression through coping style. It is suggested that attention should be paid to the guidance and correction of college students' coping styles, which is of great significance to the psychological health of college students.
Key words:  Family environment  Coping style  Anxiety  Depression  College students

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