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严重精神障碍患者直接监护人精神卫生知识知晓率 现状调查
谭佩张代江谭小林蒋国庆
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摘要:
目的 初步调查严重精神障碍患者直接监护人精神卫生知识知晓率现状。方法 2017年 12 月—2018 年6 月在重庆市招募选取严重精神障碍患者家属279 人,使用自编一般情况调查表和精神 卫生知识问卷进行调查。结果 (1)279 名监护人监护240 例严重精神障碍患者,39 例患者有2 名监护人 (16.2%)。监护人年龄(54.70±15.26)岁;文化程度:小学及以下144 人,占51.6%,初中89 人,占31.9%, 高中及中专33 人,占11.8%,大专及以上13 人,占4.6%;照料时间为(156.29±61.77)个月。(2)监护人精 神卫生知识知晓率为76.2%。(3)不同文化程度的监护人在不同条目精神卫生知识知晓率上存在差异, 部分条目回答正确与否与照料时间不同和监护人年龄有关。结论 严重精神障碍患者直接监护人呈现 出监护人数量少、年龄偏大、文化程度偏低、照料时间较长的特点,其文化程度、年龄、照料时间3 个因 素对精神卫生知识知晓率有影响。
关键词:  精神障碍  监护人  精神卫生知识知晓
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1009-6574.2019.01.009
基金项目:
Investigation on the mental health knowledge awareness of the guardians of patients with severe mentaldisorders
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Abstract:
Objective To explore the mental health knowledge awareness of the guardians of patients with severe mental disorders. Methods A total of 279 guardians of patients with severe mental disorders in Chongqing were recruited from December 2017 to June 2018. All the participants were investigated with general information questionnaire and mental health knowledge questionnaire. Results The 279 guardians took care of 240 patients with severe mental disorders, among which 39( 16.2%) patients had two guardians. The guardians' age were( 54.70±15.26) years. The education level of 144 people was primary school and below, accounting for 51.6%, 89 was junior high school, accounting for 31.9%, 33 was high school and secondary school, accounting for 11.8%, and 13 was college and above, accounting for 4.6%. The duration of care was( 156.29±61.77) months. The guardians' awareness rate of mental health knowledge was 76.2%. The awareness rate of mental health knowledge among guardians of different educational levels is different in different items. The correctness of some items is related to the different time of care and the age of guardian. Conclusions The direct guardians of patients with severe mental disorders show the characteristics of small number of guardians, older age, lower education level and longer care time. Educational level, age and time of care had influence on the awareness rate of mental health knowledge.
Key words:  Mental disorders  Guardian  Mental health knowledge awareness

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