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抑郁情绪在大学生功能失调性态度与攻击性关系间的中介作用
解应平郑德伟张增国孙宏伟陈新岗谭东
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摘要:
目的 探究功能失调性态度与攻击性的相关性,以及抑郁情绪在功能失调性态度和攻击性之间的中介作用,以探究保护大学生心理健康的因素。方法 对山东省内1 050 名在校大学生进行问卷调查,分析功能失调性态度与攻击性的相关性,以及抑郁情绪在功能失调性态度和攻击性间的中介作用。结果 不同性别的大学生在身体攻击性、言语攻击性、敌意、指向自我的攻击性、强制性、寻求赞许、认知哲学因子和抑郁情绪的差异均有统计学意义(P <0.05),是否为独生子女愤怒因子的差异有统计学意义(P <0.05);功能失调性态度与除认知哲学与言语性攻击、愤怒外的各攻击性因子均相关(P <0.05),抑郁情绪在功能失调性态度和攻击性间起部分中介效应,占全部作用的16.32%。结论 功能失调性态度与攻击性相关,抑郁在功能失调性态度和攻击性之间起部分中介作用。
关键词:  功能失调性态度  抑郁  攻击性  中介作用  大学生
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1009-6574.2017.04.002
基金项目:潍坊医学院“健康山东”重大社会风险预测与治理协同创新中心资助课题(XT1407001)
Mediation effect of depression between dysfunctional attitudes and aggressivity in college students
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Abstract:
Objective  To explore the correlation between dysfunctional attitudes and aggressivity,and the mediation effect of depression between dysfunctional attitudes and aggressivity in order to explore ways to protect mental health in college students. Methods Totals of 1 050 college students in Shandong prov-ince were included to fill the questionnaire. The correlation between dysfunctional attitudes and aggressivity,and the mediation effect of depression between dysfunctional attitudes and aggressivity were analyzed. Results  Physical aggression,verbal aggression,hostility,self-aggression,mandatory,seeking approval,cognitive of philosophy and depression were significantly different between male and female college students (P <0.05). Factors in an-ger showed significant differences between only child and not-only child (P<0.05). Dysfunctional attitudes were related with aggressive factors (P <0.05),except for cognitive of philosophy,verbal aggression and anger. De-pression showed partial mediation effect between dysfunctional attitudes and aggressivity,accounting for 16.32% of the total effect. Conclusions Dysfunctional attitudes are associated with aggressivity. Depression shows par-tial mediation effect between dysfunctional attitudes and aggressivity.
Key words:  Dysfunctional attitudes  Depression  Aggressivity  Mediation effect  College student

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