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成都市青年男性焦虑情绪现状及影响因素
陈宇星谌霞灿葛汾汾黄浩澜胡峻梅
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摘要:
目的 了解四川省成都市 18~34岁青年男性焦虑情绪的分布特点及影响因素。方法 采用多阶段分层抽样方法,对成都市 18~34岁共 4 189名青年男性进行问卷调查。调查工具包括医院焦虑抑郁量表(HAD),酒精使用障碍筛查量表(AUDIT),毒品使用障碍筛查量表(DUDIT)及自制一般信息与问题登记表。结果 四川省成都市青年男性焦虑情绪检出率为 20.4%;焦虑情绪与婚姻状况、酒精滥用、毒品滥用、长期患躯体疾病、是否看过心理医生、抑郁情绪、自杀企图、自伤行为、5年内有暴力行为、ACE分值、负性生活事件、色情信息使用频率相关(P< 0.01);其危险因素包括抑郁情绪、自杀企图、自伤行为、经历负性生活事件、酒精滥用、毒品滥用(P< 0.05)。结论 成都市青年男性的焦虑情绪检出率为 20.4%,焦虑情绪的影响因素包括多种因素。
关键词:  焦虑  青年男性  影响因素
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1009-6574.2017.05.003
基金项目:四川省科技厅重点研发项目 (2017SZ0062)
Status and influencing factors of anxious emotion of young males in Chengdu
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Abstract:
Objective To investigate the distribution characteristics and influencing factors ofanxious emotion in 18-34 years old males in Chengdu,Sichuan. Methods By using multi-stage stratified sampling method,4 189 young males aged from 18 to 34 in Chengdu were surveyed. The questionnaire included Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD),the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT),the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) and self-made general information and questions registration form.Results The detection rate of anxious emotion was 20.4% among young males in Sichuan,Chengdu. The anx-ious emotion was related to marriage status,alcohol abuse,drug abuse,long-term physical diseases,whether seen a psychologist,depressive emotion,suicidal attempt,self-injurious behavior,violent behavior in 5 years, score of Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE),traumatic life events and frequency of eroticism use (P< 0.01).Its risk factors included depressive emotion,suicidal attempt,self-injurious behavior,traumatic life events,al-cohol abuse and drug abuse (P< 0.05). Conclusions The detection rate of anxious emotion was 20.4% among young males in Sichuan,Chengdu.The influencing factors of anxious emotion were manifold.
Key words:  Anxious  Young males  Influencing factors

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