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载梦风帆劲 新年再起航
《神经疾病与精神卫生》杂志编辑委员会
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摘要:
目的 探讨高中生暴力行为与愤怒情绪及应对方式的关系。方法 2010 年9 月选取上海 市浦东新区两所高中高一、高二全体学生1 403人,采用学生自评和班主任他评相结合的方法筛查暴力行 为,采用儿童青少年状态-特质愤怒表达问卷(STAXI-CA)、简易应对方式问卷(SCSQ)进行测评。结果 暴 力行为学生比率为7.7%(108/1 403),男生高于女生(6.8% 比0.9%,P< 0.05)。男生中,暴力组状态性愤 怒、特质性愤怒、向外表达因子分更高(P< 0.05),对内控制分较低(P< 0.05)。女生中,暴力组的状态 性愤怒因子分更高(P< 0.05)。暴力组积极应对因子分较低(P< 0.05),消极应对因子分更高(P< 0.05)。 积极应对与状态愤怒、特质愤怒呈负相关(r=-0.205、-0.147,P< 0.05),与愤怒控制呈正相关(r=0.320、 0.381,P< 0.05);消极应对与状态性愤怒、特质性愤怒、愤怒表达呈正相关(r=0.183、0.239、0.199、0.225, P < 0.05),与对外控制呈负相关(r=-0.064,P < 0.05)。特质性愤怒(OR=1.098)、消极应对(OR=1.088)是 暴力行为的危险因素,积极应对(OR=0.937)是保护因素。结论 高中生暴力行为可能与特质性愤怒、 应对方式相关。学校应该关注学生的愤怒情绪,早期识别并帮助他们减少该不良情绪,以减少暴力行为。
关键词:  横断面研究  高中生  暴力行为  状态-特质愤怒  应对方式
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1009-6574.2018.10.001
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年项目(81202388,81302624);上海市第四轮公共卫生三年行动计划-高端海外研修团队培养计划(GWTD2015S09);上海市重中之重临床医学中心和重点学科建设计划(2017ZZ02021);上海市精神卫生中心院级课题(2015-YJ-01,2016-YJ-01)
Relationship between violence and State-Trait anger, coping style in high school students
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Abstract:
Objective To explore the links between violence and the characteristics of State-Trait anger, coping style in high school students. Methods Totally 1 403 high school students from Grade One and Two of two high school in Pudong New District in Shanghai were selected in September 2010. The method of combining student self-report with head teacher-evaluation was used to screen violent behaviors. They were assessed with State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory for Children and Adolescent( STAXI-CA) and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire( SCSQ). Results The prevalence of violence among students was 7.7%( 108/ 1 403), and with higher rate in boys than in girls( 6.8% vs 0.9%,P<0.05). In boys, violent group got higher scores in State-anger, Trait-anger and Anger-expression/out than non-violent group( P<0.05), but lower scores in Anger-control/in( P<0.05). In girls, violent group got higher scores in State-anger( P<0.05). The violent group also got lower scores in positive-coping( P < 0.05), but higher scores in negative-coping( P < 0.05). Positive-coping were negatively correlated with State-anger, Trait-anger and Anger-expression( r=-0.205, -0.147;P< 0.05), while positively correlated with Anger-control( r=0.320, 0.381;P< 0.05). Meanwhile, negative-coping were positively correlated with State-anger, Trait-anger and Anger-expression( r=0.183,0.239, 0.199,0.225;P<0.05); while negatively correlated with Anger-control/out( r=-0.064,P<0.05). Trait-anger (OR=1.098) and negative coping( OR=1.088) were risk factors for violence, while positive coping( OR=0.937) were protective factors. Conclusions Violence in high school students may be related to Trait-anger and coping style. Schools should pay attention to State-Trait anger of students, identify and help students to reduce the negative emotions early in order to reduce violence.
Key words:  Cross-sectional studies  High school students  Violence  State-Trait anger  Coping style

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