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成人分离焦虑障碍的研究现状
翟倩丰雷张国富刘敏王晶晶
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摘要:
分离焦虑障碍(SAD)一直被认为是只出现于儿童和青少年时期的精神障碍,越来越多的 证据表明,成人分离焦虑障碍(ASAD)并不鲜见。精神疾病诊断和统计手册第 5 版(DSM-5)中,首次将 ASAD 列入精神疾病诊断范畴。然而,目前国内外有关 ASAD 发病机制、治疗等方面的研究极其有限, 国内相关研究更是近乎为零,也缺乏相应的治疗指南,因此精神科医师很少单独诊断 ASAD。现主要就 ASAD 发病机制、诊断、治疗方面研究现状进行综述
关键词:  焦虑障碍  发病机制  成人分离焦虑障碍  综述
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1009-6574.2019.09.011
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC1311101)
Research status of adult separation anxiety disorder
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Abstract:
Separation anxiety disorder (SAD) has always been considered to be a mental disorder that occurs only in children and adolescents. There is increasing evidence showing that adult separation anxiety disorder (ASAD) is not uncommon. In the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), ASAD was included in the diagnosis of mental illness for the first time. However, so far domestic and foreign studies on the pathogenesis, treatment and other aspects of ASAD are extremely limited, further more, domestic related studies are almost zero. Due to the lack of appropriate treatment guidelines, psychiatrists rarely diagnose ASAD alone. This article mainly reviews the research status of ASAD pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment
Key words:  Anxiety disorder  Pathogenic mechanisms  Adult separation anxiety disorder  Review

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