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高年级大学生压力知觉与孤独感的关系:一项交叉 滞后分析
杨笑颜曹建琴李辞
0
()
摘要:
目的 采用追踪研究设计考察大学生压力知觉和孤独感的相互影响关系。方法 于2018 年 10 月至2019 年6 月采用方便抽样的方法选取黑龙江省3 所大学的高年级大学生(大三、大四学生)为研 究对象,进行3 次问卷测试,每次间隔4 个月。2018 年10 月(T1)获得有效被试912 名;2019 年2 月(T2)获 得有效被试873 名;2019 年6 月(T3)获得有效被试806 名。研究采纳的样本为参加了全部测试的742 名 学生。采用压力知觉量表(包括紧张感和失控感两个维度)、孤独感量表对742 名大学生开展为期1 年的 追踪研究,采用重复测量方差、Pearson 相关分析和交叉滞后回归分析方法分析数据。结果 (1)重复测 量方差分析结果表明,随着时间的推移,压力知觉与孤独感前后测差异均有统计学意义(F=4.85,P<0.05; F=29.65,P< 0.05),在性别上差异均无统计学意义(F=0.06,P> 0.05;F=0.41,P> 0.05)。(2)3 次调查相 关分析均显示,大学生压力知觉和孤独感均呈正相关(均P< 0.01)。(3)交叉滞后回归分析表明,T1压力 知觉对T2压力知觉(β=0.45,P< 0.01)、T2孤独感(β=0.17,P< 0.01)的影响作用显著;T1孤独感对T2压 力知觉(β=0.22,P<0.01)、T2孤独感(β=0.59,P<0.01)的影响作用显著;T2压力知觉对T3压力知觉(β=0.47, P<0.01)、T3孤独感(β=0.21,P<0.01)的影响作用显著;T2孤独感对T3压力知觉(β=0.20,P < 0.01)、T3 孤独感(β=0.51,P < 0.01)的影响作用显著。T1 紧张感对T2 紧张感的影响作用显著(β=0.35,P < 0.01), 对T2 孤独感的影响作用不显著(β=0.04,P> 0.05);T1 孤独感对T2 紧张感(β=0.18,P< 0.01)、T2 孤独感 (β=0.67,P<0.01)的影响作用显著;T2紧张感对T3紧张感(β=0.35,P<0.01)、T3孤独感(β=0.10,P<0.01) 的影响作用显著;T2孤独感对T3紧张感(β=0.21,P<0.01)、T3孤独感(β=0.59,P<0.01)的影响作用显著。 T1失控感对T2失控感(β=0.37,P< 0.01)、T2孤独感(β=0.14,P< 0.01)的影响作用显著;T1孤独感对T2 失控感(β=0.22,P< 0.01)、T2孤独感(β=0.63,P< 0.01)的影响作用显著;T2失控感对T3失控感(β=0.33, P< 0.01)、T3孤独感(β=0.14,P< 0.01)的影响作用显著;T2孤独感对T3失控感(β=0.15,P< 0.01)、T3孤 独感(β=0.57,P < 0.01)的影响作用显著。结论 高年级大学生的压力知觉和孤独感关系密切,压力知 觉和孤独感存在互为因果、相互影响的关系。
关键词:  大学生  压力知觉  孤独感  交叉滞后
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1009-6574.2021.06.009
基金项目:黑龙江省哲学社会科学研究规划项目(19EDB091);黑龙江省自然科学基金 (LH2020H030)
Relationship between pressure perception and loneliness among college students: a cross-laggedstudy
Yang Xiaoyan, Cao Jianqin, Li Ci
()
Abstract:
Objective To explore the predictive relationship between pressure perception and loneliness of college students by longitudinal study. Methods From October 2018 to June 2019, senior college students( juniors and seniors) from three universities in Heilongjiang Province were selected as the research objects by convenience sampling method. Three questionnaires were conducted with an interval of 4 months. The first test was conducted in October 2018( T1), and 912 valid subjects were obtained. The second test time( T2) was February 2019, and 873 valid subjects were obtained. The third test time( T3) was June 2019, and 806 valid subjects were obtained. The sample adopted in the study was 742 students who participated in all the tests. A oneyear follow-up study was conducted on the 742 college students with Chinese Perceived Stress Scale( including two dimensions of tension and out of control) and UCLA loneliness scale. The data were analyzed by repeated measurement variance, Pearson correlation analysis and cross-lagged regression analysis. Results (1) The variance analysis results showed that there were significant differences in pressure perception and loneliness before and after measurement( F=4.85, P< 0.05; F=29.65,P< 0.05), but no significant differences in gender (F=0.06,P>0.05; F=0.41,P>0.05)(. 2) Correlation analysis of the three times of survey showed that there was a significant positive correlation between stress perception and loneliness( P<0.01);( 3)Cross-lagged regression analysis indicated that T1 pressure perception significantly predicted T2 pressure perception( β=0.45,P<0.01) and T2 loneliness( β=0.17, P<0.01). T1 loneliness had a significant predictive effect on T2 pressure perception (β=0.22, P<0.01) and T2 loneliness( β=0.59, P<0.01). T2 pressure perception had a significant predictive effect on T3 pressure perception( β=0.47,P<0.01) and T3 loneliness( β=0.21, P<0.01). T2 loneliness had a significant predictive effect on T3 pressure perception( β=0.20, P<0.01) and T3 loneliness( β=0.51, P<0.01). T1 tension had a significant predictive effect on T2 tension( β=0.35, P<0.01), but not on T2 loneliness( β=0.04, P>0.05). T1 loneliness had a significant predictive effect on T2 tension( β=0.18,P<0.01) and T2 loneliness (β=0.67, P < 0.01). T2 tension had a significant predictive effect on T3 tension( β=0.35,P < 0.01) and T3 loneliness( β=0.10,P<0.01). T2 loneliness had a significant predictive effect on T3 tension( β=0.21,P<0.01) and T3 loneliness( β=0.59, P<0.01). T1 loss of control had a significant predictive effect on T2 loss of control (β=0.37, P<0.01) and T2 loneliness( β=0.14, P<0.01). T1 loneliness had a significant predictive effect on T2 loss of control( β=0.22, P<0.01) and T2 loneliness( β=0.63, P<0.01). T2 loss of control had significant predictive effect on T3 loss of control( β=0.33, P<0.01) and T3 loneliness( β=0.14, P<0.01). T2 loneliness had a significant predictive effect on T3 loss of control( β=0.15, P<0.01) and T3 loneliness( β=0.57, P<0.01). Conclusions There is a causal relationship between pressure perception and loneliness among college students.
Key words:  College students  Pressure perception  Loneliness  Cross-lagged regression analysis

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